October 26, 2018

Membangun DNS Server Menggunakan Debian 8

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Dalam dunia internet, komputer saling berkomunikasi dengan mengenali ip addressnya. Namun karena manusia jauh lebih sulit mengingat angka-angkanya maka solusinya menggunakan DNS Server.

DNS yaitu kepanjangan dari Domain Name System merupakan sebuah server yang berfungsi menangani translasi penamaan host-host kedalam IP Address, begitu juga sebaliknya dalam menangani translasi dari IP Address ke Hostname/Domain. Lebih mudahnya DNS dapat diartikan sebagai sebuah layanan yang digunakan untuk menterjemahkan hostname/domain ke IP Address atau sebaliknya.

Untuk pengkonfigurasiannya ikuti langkah berikut:

  1. Remote server anda kemudian masuk ke mode super user (root).

  2. Install paket bind9 dan dnsutils.

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  1. Pindah ke direktori konfigurasi bind lalu edit file named.conf.local

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  1. Tambahkan script similiar seperti yang saya beri garis merah

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  1. Copy file db.local dan db.127 sesuai yang didaftarkan pada file named.conf.local

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  1. Edit file db.name dan edit isinya sehingga similiar dengan script berikut

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7, Edit juga file db.ip dan edit isinya sehingga similiar dengan script berikut

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Restart bind9 untuk mengaktifkan konfigurasi anda

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  1. Daftarkan ip debian pada client yang akan melakukan testing dns jika debian bukan gateway
  • Untuk linuxer, edit file /etc/resolv.conf dan tambahkan script berikut

nameserver ip_debian

  • Untuk windowser, konfigurasi jaringan anda sehingga similiar seperti berikut

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  1. Untuk testing di cli linux, gunakan command berikut. Jika hasilnya tidak similiar seperti berikut, perhatikan konfigurasi anda pada file named.conf.local, db.name, db.ip

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  1. Silahkan testing pada web browser client.

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